The IEEE Format Referencing and Citation: Essay Experts Advice

IEEE Format Referencing

Students pursuing computer studies, specifically computer science, should know the IEEE format referencing. If you major in Web Communication, programming, or information technologies, you must familiarize yourself with referencing in IEEE format. Our professional writers have mastered referencing art and devised a simplified way to acknowledge author contribution and development in technical subjects like computer science. This guide will give you the basis to learn how to format your paper in IEEE and learn how to cite in IEEE. It will also guide you through writing in IEEE format by sharing requirements and IEEE citation examples. Our experts also help students with their essay assignments in all referencing styles.

What is the IEEE Format?

This is the format most institutions recognize in formatting, citing, and composing academic research papers. The IEEE format derives its vocabulary from the Chicago style manual and mostly applies to technical subjects. Computer science students mostly use this system when doing their research. This detailed and comprehensive guide will help the students understand.

IEEE stands for INSTITUTE of ELECTRICAL and ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS, a professional association of electrical engineers and other disciplines associated with the electrical faculty. Two American establishments created the IEEE format in 1963. They include the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers.

The IEEE is the major and the biggest association of technical professionals globally. They set the standards for the upcoming researchers in the technical fields. The IEEE has created its writing format to outline the criteria for relevant areas in the writing organization.

IEEE format has two essential elements:

  • In-text citations(direct and indirect)
  • The work cited, also known as The references 

Students pick In-text citations when researching from primary or secondary sources. Students must impose several square brackets in every number corresponding to the citation identities in the reference section known as the bibliography.

In one’s academic performance, why is citing important?

When a student cites a source, it shows the professor that the student has spent time researching, which means that they studied. Furthermore, this process has more purposes:

Giving and Growing Credibility

The major reason citation is an important aspect of the IEEE format is that one uses external sources and is either to complement the contents of your work, relevant data in your work, or the giving of opinions on the issue at hand. It increases the credibility of your paper and makes it look trustworthy. By this, you will establish an authoritative author.

To put assurance in academic integrity and uniqueness

You need to credit people’s work when it is relevant to ensure you reach a point of academic integrity, thus misrepresenting your academic achievements. In the same manner, you miss the significance of the uniqueness of a paper. If a student uses information from other sources without citing them, in simpler words, institutions consider it plagiarism. These can lead to a lower grade, thus lowering your chance of academic excellence.

The IEEE organization believes using someone else’s ideas, research findings, words, or opinions is plagiarism if you do not recognize the owner by citing. It is one branch of professional conduct. In most situations, plagiarism is often related to severe ethical and legal outcomes. For instance, you become a serious and famous scientist with many findings, and somebody uses your words and results without giving you credit. What would you feel when you realize this?

Works of other professionals and specialists, acknowledge them.

The major objective of referencing and citing is to offer and provide credit to other people’s works where it is relevant and essential. By giving credit to the sources, you acknowledge the time, effort, and hard work that people imposed in their work.

Contribution to more research

Finally, you give credit to one’s work because you provide the importance of the citation and contribute to the work of the research. Thus, helping other people partaking in the study is to locate the sources cited by you. Therefore they can continue with the research more easily.

Mentioning all that, you should always remember that formatting takes about 10-15 percent of the grading of your whole paper. These and other reasons are why students can only be amongst the high grade with proper citations in their work.

The Basic Page Format

The IEEE format contains the following basic elements:

  1. The title page – Include the article’s title, membership, footnote, and byline.
  2. An abstract: Should have one paragraph. The paragraph should consist of 150 – 250 words per information.
  3. Index terms 
  4. The terminology: this is optional.
  5. The introduction
  6. Article of the body 
  7. The conclusion
  8. Appendix
  9. Acknowledge
  10. The references(work cited )
  11. Biographies and photos 

Basic Do’s and Don’ts Students Should Follow in the IEEE Format Referencing

Paper Title – should be on the first page, centered. 

  • The top and the size should be 24 of the font.
  • Byline – after the line break, it is placed below the paper. It should also be at the center. 10pt of the font size

Your byline should include the following elements: each point on its line

  1. The name of the author 
  2. The author’s affiliation 
  3. The location, city, and country
  4. The address of the email
  • The main body – the main body is supposed to be written font size of 10pt.

The body text is supposed to be in two columns on each page. On the last page, the columns are supposed to follow the same procedure (2 in number). It indicates that the writer has to include line breaks.

  • The paper is supposed to start with an index term and an abstract 
  • · As per the context and subject, your paper can include other sections. They include:
  • The acknowledgements 
  • Appendices 
  • The practitioners to note 
  • Nomenclature
  • · Into different sections and subsections, the main body can be divided into these sections. Following the rules mentioned above, the subsections and the sections can be formatted heading in each section.
  • · All the tables and the equations have to be numbered in an orderly and consecutive manner and column-centered, not forgetting the figure.
  • · The IEEE format should start with the drop cap two lines in depth, and the 8-12 characters or the 1-2 words follow their essential manner in all caps. 

IEEE Format Referencing Parts


Use the four hierarchy levels for the section heading in the IEEE format referencing.

The enumeration section is optional as it is not mandatory – they can choose to do what interests them. On the other hand, the paper’s format should be consistent throughout the whole piece. 

Exceptions can only be in the heading, the appendix, the reference, and the acknowledgment heading. They follow a different format :

Appendix headings – the primary header and the appendixes of the paper should have an ordinary style format. The writers are free to practice any numerical letters of their choice. Roman figures should not start. The heading should always remain unnamed and unnumbered if the paper’s appendix is one only.

Reference and acknowledgment were heading – just as the primary headings should not bear the same format. On the other hand, they should not have a label. 

The first footnote

This does not have a numbering. On the other hand, the rest of the footnotes should bear consecutive numbering. It should be in three paragraphs and be consistent.

· The first point will specify the revised and the received data. List all of them if there is evidence of more than one revised data.

· In the next paragraph, the author’s affiliation comes into place. Take, for instance, and there are two authors. The student should use different paragraphs for each sentence when authors have different affiliations. But if the two authors have the same affiliation, the writer should merge the sentences into one paragraph. In the byline is how the order of the authors should be in the same list systematically.

· In the first footnote paragraph, specify the Digital Object Identifier the IEEE eases.

The body of the IEEE format paper

IEEE Format Referencing Abstract

Including an abstract in every paper is what the IEEE format necessitates writers to do. The abstract should appear in the text and boldface type and follow the title page. It should be direct to the point and not contain numbers and equations adding to the references.

Index terms

In the IEEE paper, there must be an inclusion of index terms. They are to always appear in the boldface located at the final parts or the paragraphs abstract and in the order of the alphabet. If the acronyms are in the original paper, you must define them.  

Text equations

In the main body of the paper, when you place equations, you must number them in order from the beginning to the end of the paper. In some instances, the author uses their numbering example (1.1), (1.2.1), 

The acknowledgment

It should always be the final part of your paper next to the appendix, and then moves to the references sections. Every part of an essay should be in the third person.

Take, for instance, that you want to cite names in the acknowledgment section. It would be best if you did not impose the example of the full name, Mr., Mrs., Ms., and Miss. You should list the first initials and then the family name. Titles like Dr. and Prof. should be in singular separately from the next.

The information on financial support should not be in the acknowledgment part, which can be in the first footnote of the first paragraph.


In the IEEE papers, the numbering of all the referencing is supposed to be carried out, and a separate entry should be in each number. Using of same reference number in the same group of IEEE citations is not allowed.

IEEE Format Referencing Text Citations and Table Figures

The following numerical order is required in the IEEE citation. Figures in the paper are to be able with the initial “Fig” followed by its number. Most importantly, if the abbreviation “Fig” has to place at the beginning of a sentence, it has to be placed.


The author’s biography should follow the requirements. The bios must be in three paragraphs.

  1. Paragraph one should begin with the author’s full name followed by their history and, if any, their IEEE membership. The date and the place of birth should be clear if the author provides one. Then the author’s educational background is to be specified. The major of the study indicates it uses lowercase, then always puts the word “degree” at the end of the speciation of the title of the degree.
  2. Paragraph two – The writer should highlight the author’s military service and work in this section. The titles should be in capitals. Specifying the writer’s job location is to be done when mentioning the author’s work, but this is optional and can be done only if the author has provided some.
  3. Paragraph three – the title and author’s surname are to be included. Then the author’s membership in the societies of professionals apart from the IEEE. Then their status as an engineer. The 3rd paragraph should finish with the author’s awards lists, including their publications. If the author’s autobiography is unavailable, use a squib to act as an autobiography.

Other text 


A footnote is an additional information or comment relating to the main topic or explanation at the bottom of a page. All footnotes should have consecutive numbering following the order of the paper. The marking of the number in the whole article should be done with superscript, and after a punctuation mark is where the footnotes should be placed. The footnote should always be at the bottom of the page.

List intent

Following the following order 1, 2), 3), then by a), b), c), or I), ii), iii), all lists should always be in that kind of numbered order.

How to Cite Reference in the IEEE Format Referencing

As discussed in the above sections, each reference has its citation in the main body following the IEEE citation in a research paper. A number in brackets squared should be added each time a writer adds a citation. Afterward, each citation will be moved to a complete reference in a page of reference. The sources on the citations page and those between the lines must correspond to each other through the numbers to make it possible for reference. The reference page should be on its page. 

The essential elements of the IEEE format reference are

  • Reflecting the number of the in-text citation
  • The surname of the author
  • Place of publication
  • The date of publication
  • The work’s full title
  • Minor details examples page, issue etc.

Need Help with your IEEE Format Referencing and Assignment?

If you still need help composing a paper in IEEE format, you can always request professional help from us. We are ready to lend you a helping hand. We can also take care of your assignment for you. Our writers will handle your assignment professionally, benefiting from our professional and academic experience.

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